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安卓10无人直播

2021年04月06日 文章转载 暂无评论 阅读 158 views 次

起因

今天玩着王者农药、突然女神给我来视频了,可是我正在打游戏呀。我国服花木兰怎么可以挂机!!!
图片描述
最后这局我胜利了,但是我失去了一个女神。心里很失落,于是我想出了一个想法。如果每次女神给我视频 我都是接了 陪她说话、唱歌给她听,那就可以很容易上位了,对,没错的。

流程

首先看一下安卓视频直播的流程(图片网上百度的)
图片描述
可以看出来、获取数据的源头其实就是在摄像头哪里、至于后面的各种流程都可以无视了、那么就是说 只要把摄像头的数据替换掉,那就直接成功了!!
图片描述

实战

首先考虑的事情,是怎么把摄像头的数据替换。

想法一:直接在驱动层拦截数据 看了内核的代码放弃

想法二:修改Camera的代码 看了java代码放弃

想法三: 修改想法二的想法 还是修改java把

代码片段

如果想实现上面的想法、第一步是写代码把摄像头的数据先获取到

关键的类

SufaceView

这个View可以直接重内存或者DMA等硬件接口获取所得的图像数据,是个非常重要的绘图容器,所以,开发相机应用一般都是使用它
重写的方法:

SurfaceHolder,

可以把它看成是surface的控制器,用来操纵surface。处理它的Canvas上画的效果和动画,控制表面,大小,像素等等。

SurfaceTexture

可以看做Surface和Texture的组合,是将图形生产者的数据送到Texture,然后是由应用程序自己来处理

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surfaceChanged(SurfaceHolder holderformatwidthheight){}
surfaceCreated(SurfaceHolder holder){}
surfaceDestroyed(SurfaceHolder holder) {}

具体片段代码

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SurfaceHolder holder = mSurfaceView.getHolder();
    holder.setType(SurfaceHolder.SURFACE_TYPE_PUSH_BUFFERS);
    holder.addCallback(new SurfaceHolder.Callback() {
        @Override
        public void surfaceDestroyed(SurfaceHolder arg0) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            if (mCamera != null) {
                mCamera.stopPreview();
                mSurfaceView = null;
                mSurfaceHolder = null;
            }
        }
        @Override
        public void surfaceCreated(SurfaceHolder arg0) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            try {
                if (mCamera != null) {
                    mCamera.setPreviewDisplay(arg0);
                    mSurfaceHolder = arg0;
                }
            } catch (IOException exception) {
                Log.e(TAG, "Error setting up preview display", exception);
            }
        }
        @Override
        public void surfaceChanged(SurfaceHolder arg0, int arg1, int arg2,
                int arg3) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            if (mCamera == null)
                return;
          //设置参数
            Camera.Parameters parameters = mCamera.getParameters();
            parameters.setPreviewSize(640480);
            parameters.setPictureSize(640480);
            mCamera.setParameters(parameters);
            try {
                mCamera.startPreview();
                mSurfaceHolder = arg0;
            } catch (Exception e) {
                Log.e(TAG, "could not start preview", e);
                mCamera.release();
                mCamera = null;
            }
        }
    });
}

这个时候就可以实现实时显示摄像头的数据了

#Camera.java源码分析

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private class EventHandler extends Handler
    {
        private Camera mCamera;
        public EventHandler(Camera c, Looper looper) {
            super(looper);
            mCamera = c;
        }
        @Override
        public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
            switch(msg.what) {
            case CAMERA_MSG_SHUTTER:
                if (mShutterCallback != null) {
                    mShutterCallback.onShutter();
                }
                return;
            case CAMERA_MSG_RAW_IMAGE:
                if (mRawImageCallback != null) {
                    mRawImageCallback.onPictureTaken((byte[])msg.obj, mCamera);
                }
                return;
            case CAMERA_MSG_COMPRESSED_IMAGE:
                if (mJpegCallback != null) {
                    mJpegCallback.onPictureTaken((byte[])msg.obj, mCamera);
                }
                return;
            case CAMERA_MSG_PREVIEW_FRAME:
                PreviewCallback pCb = mPreviewCallback;
                if (pCb != null) {
                    if (mOneShot) {
                        // Clear the callback variable before the callback
                        // in case the app calls setPreviewCallback from
                        // the callback function
                        mPreviewCallback = null;
                    else if (!mWithBuffer) {
                        // We're faking the camera preview mode to prevent
                        // the app from being flooded with preview frames.
                        // Set to oneshot mode again.
                        setHasPreviewCallback(true, false);
                    }
                    pCb.onPreviewFrame((byte[])msg.obj, mCamera);
                }
                return;
            case CAMERA_MSG_POSTVIEW_FRAME:
                if (mPostviewCallback != null) {
                    mPostviewCallback.onPictureTaken((byte[])msg.obj, mCamera);
                }
                return;
            case CAMERA_MSG_FOCUS:
                AutoFocusCallback cb = null;
                synchronized (mAutoFocusCallbackLock) {
                    cb = mAutoFocusCallback;
                }
                if (cb != null) {
                    boolean success = msg.arg1 == 0 ? false : true;
                    cb.onAutoFocus(success, mCamera);
                }
                return;
            case CAMERA_MSG_ZOOM:
                if (mZoomListener != null) {
                    mZoomListener.onZoomChange(msg.arg1, msg.arg2 != 0, mCamera);
                }
                return;
            case CAMERA_MSG_PREVIEW_METADATA:
                if (mFaceListener != null) {
                    mFaceListener.onFaceDetection((Face[])msg.obj, mCamera);
                }
                return;
            case CAMERA_MSG_ERROR :
                Log.e(TAG, "Error " + msg.arg1);
                if (mErrorCallback != null) {
                    mErrorCallback.onError(msg.arg1, mCamera);
                }
                return;
            case CAMERA_MSG_FOCUS_MOVE:
                if (mAutoFocusMoveCallback != null) {
                    mAutoFocusMoveCallback.onAutoFocusMoving(msg.arg1 == 0 ? false : true, mCamera);
                }
                return;
            default:
                Log.e(TAG, "Unknown message type " + msg.what);
                return;
            }
        }
    }

这里经过修改源码打印分析,每次拍照或者录像的时候 都会走
CAMERA_MSG_RAW_IMAGE
CAMERA_MSG_COMPRESSED_IMAGE
CAMERA_MSG_POSTVIEW_FRAME
三个事件
其中的

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case CAMERA_MSG_COMPRESSED_IMAGE:
           if (mJpegCallback != null) {
               mJpegCallback.onPictureTaken((byte[])msg.obj, mCamera);
           }
           return;

(byte[])msg.obj就是图片数据

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public interface PreviewCallback
   {
       /**
        * Called as preview frames are displayed.  This callback is invoked
        * on the event thread {@link #open(int)} was called from.
        *
        * <p>If using the {@link android.graphics.ImageFormat#YV12} format,
        * refer to the equations in {@link Camera.Parameters#setPreviewFormat}
        * for the arrangement of the pixel data in the preview callback
        * buffers.
        *
        * @param data the contents of the preview frame in the format defined
        *  by {@link android.graphics.ImageFormat}, which can be queried
        *  with {@link android.hardware.Camera.Parameters#getPreviewFormat()}.
        *  If {@link android.hardware.Camera.Parameters#setPreviewFormat(int)}
        *             is never called, the default will be the YCbCr_420_SP
        *             (NV21) format.
        * @param camera the Camera service object.
        */
       void onPreviewFrame(byte[] data, Camera camera);
   };

这里还有两个核心的native函数

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public native final void setPreviewTexture(SurfaceTexture surfaceTexture) throws IOException;
private native final void setPreviewDisplay(Surface surface) throws IOException;

总结:直接修改上面分析的函数应该就可以了

怎么实现视频播放?

1:ffmepg去播放视频推数据
2:安卓原生支持

MediaPlayer

结合SurfaceView进行播放。其中通过SurfaceView显示视频的画面,通过MediaPlayer来设置播放参数、并控制视频的播放操作。
然后百度了一个demo 实现通过SurfaceView显示视频的画面。

把demo 整合到系统源码

图片描述
这里我使用原生自带的MediaPlayer 和 自定义实现的一个Player 其实效果差不多 然后把这些类组成一下 VirCamera

数据格式的问题

调数据yuv数据和存储为yuv420p

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import android.graphics.ImageFormat;
import android.graphics.Rect;
import android.graphics.YuvImage;
import android.media.Image;
import android.text.Spanned;
import android.util.Log;
import com.android.internal.logging.nano.MetricsProto;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
public class ImageUtil {
    public static final int COLOR_FormatI420 = 1;
    public static final int COLOR_FormatNV21 = 2;
    public static final int NV21 = 2;
    private static final String TAG = "ImageUtil";
    public static final int YUV420P = 0;
    public static final int YUV420SP = 1;
    private static boolean isImageFormatSupported(Image image) {
        int format = image.getFormat();
        if (format == 17 || format == 35 || format == 842094169) {
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }
    public static void dumpFile(String str, byte[] bArr) {
        try {
            FileOutputStream fileOutputStream = new FileOutputStream(str);
            try {
                fileOutputStream.write(bArr);
                fileOutputStream.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                throw new RuntimeException("failed writing data to file " + str, e);
            }
        } catch (IOException e2) {
            throw new RuntimeException("Unable to create output file " + str, e2);
        }
    }
    public static void compressToJpeg(String str, Image image) {
        try {
            FileOutputStream fileOutputStream = new FileOutputStream(str);
            Rect cropRect = image.getCropRect();
            new YuvImage(getDataFromImage(image, 2), 17, cropRect.width(), cropRect.height(), (int[]) null).compressToJpeg(cropRect, 100, fileOutputStream);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            throw new RuntimeException("Unable to create output file " + str, e);
        }
    }
    public static byte[] yuvToCompressedJPEG(byte[] bArr, Rect rect) {
        ByteArrayOutputStream byteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        new YuvImage(bArr, 17, rect.width(), rect.height(), (int[]) null).compressToJpeg(rect, 100, byteArrayOutputStream);
        return byteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
    }
    public static byte[] getDataFromImage(Image image, int i) {
        Rect rect;
        int i2;
        int i3 = i;
        int i4 = 2;
        int i5 = 1;
        if (i3 != 1 && i3 != 2) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("only support COLOR_FormatI420 and COLOR_FormatNV21");
        else if (isImageFormatSupported(image)) {
            Rect cropRect = image.getCropRect();
            int format = image.getFormat();
            int width = cropRect.width();
            int height = cropRect.height();
            Image.Plane[] planes = image.getPlanes();
            int i6 = width * height;
            byte[] bArr = new byte[((ImageFormat.getBitsPerPixel(format* i6) / 8)];
            int i7 = 0;
            byte[] bArr2 = new byte[planes[0].getRowStride()];
            int i8 = 1;
            int i9 = 0;
            int i10 = 0;
            while (i9 < planes.length) {
                switch (i9) {
                    case 0:
                        i8 = i5;
                        i10 = i7;
                        break;
                    case 1:
                        if (i3 != i5) {
                            if (i3 == i4) {
                                i10 = i6 + 1;
                                i8 = i4;
                                break;
                            }
                        else {
                            i8 = i5;
                            i10 = i6;
                            break;
                        }
                        break;
                    case 2:
                        if (i3 != i5) {
                            if (i3 == i4) {
                                i8 = i4;
                                i10 = i6;
                                break;
                            }
                        else {
                            i10 = (int) (((double) i6) * 1.25d);
                            i8 = i5;
                            break;
                        }
                        break;
                }
                ByteBuffer buffer = planes[i9].getBuffer();
                int rowStride = planes[i9].getRowStride();
                int pixelStride = planes[i9].getPixelStride();
                int i11 = i9 == 0 ? i7 : i5;
                int i12 = width >> i11;
                int i13 = height >> i11;
                int i14 = width;
                buffer.position(((cropRect.top >> i11) * rowStride) + ((cropRect.left >> i11) * pixelStride));
                int i15 = 0;
                while (i15 < i13) {
                    if (pixelStride == 1 && i8 == 1) {
                        buffer.get(bArr, i10, i12);
                        i10 += i12;
                        rect = cropRect;
                        i2 = i12;
                    else {
                        i2 = ((i12 - 1* pixelStride) + 1;
                        rect = cropRect;
                        buffer.get(bArr2, 0, i2);
                        int i16 = i10;
                        for (int i17 = 0; i17 < i12; i17++) {
                            bArr[i16] = bArr2[i17 * pixelStride];
                            i16 += i8;
                        }
                        i10 = i16;
                    }
                    if (i15 < i13 - 1) {
                        buffer.position((buffer.position() + rowStride) - i2);
                    }
                    i15++;
                    cropRect = rect;
                }
                Log.v(TAG, "Finished reading data from plane " + i9);
                i9++;
                i5 = 1;
                width = i14;
                i3 = i;
                i4 = 2;
                i7 = 0;
            }
            return bArr;
        else {
            throw new RuntimeException("can't convert Image to byte array, format " + image.getFormat());
        }
    }
    public static byte[] getBytesFromImageAsType(Image image, int i) {
        Image.Plane[] planeArr;
        Image.Plane[] planeArr2;
        try {
            Image.Plane[] planes = image.getPlanes();
            int width = image.getWidth();
            int height = image.getHeight();
            int i2 = width * height;
            byte[] bArr = new byte[((ImageFormat.getBitsPerPixel(35* i2) / 8)];
            byte[] bArr2 = new byte[(i2 / 4)];
            byte[] bArr3 = new byte[(i2 / 4)];
            int i3 = 0;
            int i4 = 0;
            int i5 = 0;
            int i6 = 0;
            while (i3 < planes.length) {
                int pixelStride = planes[i3].getPixelStride();
                int rowStride = planes[i3].getRowStride();
                ByteBuffer buffer = planes[i3].getBuffer();
                byte[] bArr4 = new byte[buffer.capacity()];
                buffer.get(bArr4);
                if (i3 == 0) {
                    int i7 = i4;
                    int i8 = 0;
                    for (int i9 = 0; i9 < height; i9++) {
                        System.arraycopy(bArr4, i8, bArr, i7, width);
                        i8 += rowStride;
                        i7 += width;
                    }
                    planeArr = planes;
                    i4 = i7;
                else if (i3 == 1) {
                    int i10 = i5;
                    int i11 = 0;
                    for (int i12 = 0; i12 < height / 2; i12++) {
                        int i13 = 0;
                        while (i13 < width / 2) {
                            bArr2[i10] = bArr4[i11];
                            i11 += pixelStride;
                            i13++;
                            i10++;
                        }
                        if (pixelStride == 2) {
                            i11 += rowStride - width;
                        else if (pixelStride == 1) {
                            i11 += rowStride - (width / 2);
                        }
                    }
                    planeArr = planes;
                    i5 = i10;
                else if (i3 == 2) {
                    int i14 = i6;
                    int i15 = 0;
                    int i16 = 0;
                    while (i15 < height / 2) {
                        int i17 = i16;
                        int i18 = 0;
                        while (true) {
                            planeArr2 = planes;
                            if (i18 >= width / 2) {
                                break;
                            }
                            bArr3[i14] = bArr4[i17];
                            i17 += pixelStride;
                            i18++;
                            i14++;
                            planes = planeArr2;
                        }
                        if (pixelStride == 2) {
                            i17 += rowStride - width;
                        else if (pixelStride == 1) {
                            i17 += rowStride - (width / 2);
                        }
                        i15++;
                        i16 = i17;
                        planes = planeArr2;
                    }
                    planeArr = planes;
                    i6 = i14;
                else {
                    planeArr = planes;
                }
                i3++;
                planes = planeArr;
            }
            switch (i) {
                case 0:
                    System.arraycopy(bArr2, 0, bArr, i4, bArr2.length);
                    System.arraycopy(bArr3, 0, bArr, i4 + bArr2.length, bArr3.length);
                    break;
                case 1:
                    for (int i19 = 0; i19 < bArr3.length; i19++) {
                        int i20 = i4 + 1;
                        bArr[i4] = bArr2[i19];
                        i4 = i20 + 1;
                        bArr[i20] = bArr3[i19];
                    }
                    break;
                case 2:
                    for (int i21 = 0; i21 < bArr3.length; i21++) {
                        int i22 = i4 + 1;
                        bArr[i4] = bArr3[i21];
                        i4 = i22 + 1;
                        bArr[i22] = bArr2[i21];
                    }
                    break;
            }
            return bArr;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            if (image == null) {
                return null;
            }
            image.close();
            return null;
        }
    }
    public static int[] decodeYUV420SP(byte[] bArr, int i, int i2) {
        int i3 = i;
        int i4 = i2;
        int i5 = i3 * i;
        int[] iArr = new int[i5];
        int i6 = 0;
        int i7 = 0;
        while (i6 < i4) {
            int i8 = ((i6 >> 1* i3) + i5;
            int i9 = 0;
            int i10 = 0;
            int i11 = i7;
            int i12 = 0;
            while (i12 < i3) {
                int i13 = (bArr[i11] & 255- 16;
                if (i13 < 0) {
                    i13 = 0;
                }
                if ((i12 & 1== 0) {
                    int i14 = i8 + 1;
                    int i15 = i14 + 1;
                    int i16 = (bArr[i14] & 255- 128;
                    i9 = (bArr[i8] & 255- 128;
                    i8 = i15;
                    i10 = i16;
                }
                int i17 = 1192 * i13;
                int i18 = (1634 * i9) + i17;
                int i19 = (i17 - (MetricsProto.MetricsEvent.FIELD_CONTEXT * i9)) - (400 * i10);
                int i20 = i17 + (2066 * i10);
                if (i18 < 0) {
                    i18 = 0;
                else if (i18 > 262143) {
                    i18 = 262143;
                }
                if (i19 < 0) {
                    i19 = 0;
                else if (i19 > 262143) {
                    i19 = 262143;
                }
                if (i20 < 0) {
                    i20 = 0;
                else if (i20 > 262143) {
                    i20 = 262143;
                }
                iArr[i11] = -16777216 | ((i18 << 6) & Spanned.SPAN_PRIORITY) | ((i19 >> 2) & 65280) | ((i20 >> 10) & 255);
                i11++;
            }
            i6++;
            i7 = i11;
        }
        return iArr;
    }
}

那么现在就是见神奇的时候

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Camera(int cameraId) {
      mShutterCallback = null;
      mRawImageCallback = null;
      mJpegCallback = null;
      mPreviewCallback = null;
      mPostviewCallback = null;
      mUsingPreviewAllocation = false;
      mZoomListener = null;
      Looper looper;
      if ((looper = Looper.myLooper()) != null) {
          mEventHandler = new EventHandler(this, looper);
      else if ((looper = Looper.getMainLooper()) != null) {
          mEventHandler = new EventHandler(this, looper);
      else {
          mEventHandler = null;
      }
      String packageName = ActivityThread.currentPackageName();
      native_setup(new WeakReference<Camera>(this), cameraId, packageName);
    //开启虚拟摄像头
    VirCamera.getInstance().open();
  }
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case CAMERA_MSG_POSTVIEW_FRAME:
               if (mPostviewCallback != null) {
                   VirCamera.getInstance().onPictureTaken((byte[])msg.obj, mCamera);
               }
               return;
 case CAMERA_MSG_COMPRESSED_IMAGE:
               if (mJpegCallback != null) {
                   VirCamera.getInstance().onPictureTaken((byte[])msg.obj, mCamera);
               }
               return;

最后编译 开始测试,
发现我的女神一直没给我视频、于是换了一个直播平台试试

图片描述

嘻嘻应该是成功 坐等女神视频。。。
图片描述

 

 

 

原文链接:https://bbs.pediy.com/thread-266809.htm

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